Goalpara district of Assam is home to the exquisite art of hand-crafted Sital Pati, also known as cool mats. This classic handicraft is an art of prominence and famed for being a part of ‘UNESCO’s representative list of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity’.

Along with the creativity of skilled artisans, mutual development of modern skills and new innovations elevates the attractiveness of Goalpara’s Sital Pati Mats. The Sital Pati mat is one-of-a-kind beauties that adds to the richness of the artsy state that Assam is.

Goalpara district of the state is well-known for the age-old craft of Sital Pati that has been passed down through generations of skilled rural artisans. Pharsingpara and Dubapara villages are the two major hubs of Sital Pati craft that falls under the Goalpara district. The Nadi and Dey communities of these villages are known as the main practitioners of the ancient mat-craftwork.

The existence of mat-weaving traces its origin back to ancient times when sages began using these mats while meditating. The traditional use of such mats can also be noticed in most of the pictures depicting ancient times. The other aspect directs us to the general utilitarian rural craft that is now evolving into conventional uses. Pati or mats were of great importance to the eastern households before the technological advancement of modern appliances. The cooling function of these multipurpose mats during summers is one of the best and the most benefitting ones. When looking for something to beautify your space with a traditional vibe, these mats can be a good choice. Sital Pati can also be your go-to option when looking for an alternative to traditional bedding in summer times.

The efficiency of Sital Pati doesn’t end here; as apart from being a multi-use mat, it is a treat to the eyes.

The natural textures, excellent motifs, and vibrant colors of Sital Pati mats reflect the creativity of Indian art. Quality of these mats is recognized through their smoothness, glossiness, and texture. The more the smoothness or the finer the texture, the better the quality. As the craftsmen say, the best kinds of Sital Pati mats are the ones that are so smooth that even a snake can’t glide over them. Another amazing feature of these mats is that the colors used in the process of creation are not made of any chemical compositions. The excellent beauty of Sital Pati is achieved by using the organic extracts from the seeds of tamarind leaves, hibiscus flowers, and other natural things.

The making of the Sital Pati craft is primarily based on the Murta plant locally known as bet or Patidoi in Assamese. Murta plant is basically a non-stemmed, knotless, and thin reed that grows on waterlogged and marshy areas. Sital Pati mats are woven using the same thin reeds after undergoing an intricate process. The fine skill of creating art from reeds has been going great guns and has also become an aesthetic something for the home décor industry. Pati making process involves a series of steps including plantation, weeding, stem-cutting and peeling, boiling, coloring and lastly, weaving. The Patidoi used for creating the Pati is locally grown and cultivated by the villagers in the months of March-April. Regular weeding of these plants is a must to avoid any kind of quality loss. Once the plants grow, they usually survive for around 20 years. While collecting the raw material, it is significant to keep in mind the plant’s height and stem’s maturity to create the best quality mat.


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